Shingle Roof Types, Installation, and Repair

shingle roof on house with stone veneer
Green designer shingles

Shingle roofs are the most common type of residential roof covering in the Springfield MO and Branson area, and throughout the midwest. And many commercial buildings utilize asphalt shingles as well, especially for pitched (not flat) roofs. Cook Roofing Co inspects, installs, repairs, and replaces asphalt shingle roofs every day, and we’d love to come have a look at yours. Use the contact form to the right to get ahold of us, or call at 417-334-4238. We’ll come out and meet with you, and your insurance adjuster if applicable. We’ll perform a free roof evaluation, and write up an estimate. If it’s an insurance claim, we can make sure insurance understands what repairs are necessary to restore your home or building to the state it was before the damage occurred.

View our color and style selection page here!

We also have a blog article about choosing the right roof here.

mail damage on commercial roof hotel in Branson Mo
This commercial hotel roof had some hail damage. You might be able to see some hail hits on on the vent covers… you can also see algae growth on the shingles.

Shingle Roof Repair

Whether you’ve got a home that had some shingles blow off, or a condo or hotel with missing shingles, it’s important to replace those shingles before roof leaks cause water damage inside.

The question of whether a shingle roof is repairable is a bigger subject addressed on its own page here. Cook Roofing can certainly come out and evaluate your roof, and see if it can be repaired.

Some roofers are just eager to make a few quick bucks and will just slap some shingle patches on. It’s important to choose a local roofing company who will do the job right, and guarantee the work. We offer a lifetime workmanship guarantee. Just because a roofing company has some nice vinyl on their truck, doesn’t mean that the roofer necessarily knows what he’s doing. We have over 100 years of quality tradition in our business in the Springfield MO and Branson area, and the owner has over three decades of experience.

shingle roof with poor repair in Branson mo. Missing shingles, shingle patch, missing ridge cap, and visible nails face-nailed into shingles
This is a good example of why it’s important to hire a good roofing company. Professional roofers did this. There’s a patch, shingles are face nailed (we assume this was to hold down the tabs that were unsealed??), and as you can see, some more shingles have come loose. There are also missing shingles at the ridge (top). We won’t name names, but this is visible from a main road in Branson. If this is your building, call us!

If you have an insurance claim, we can work with you and your insurance. If the roof really needs to be replaced, a good roofer will make sure that the adjuster understands what’s needed. It’s actually quite common for an adjuster to be overly optimistic about a roof being able to be repaired. Then insurance cuts a small check, hoping you’ll go away and accept that first offer without argument. We often see this, but after the adjuster comes out for a second inspection, they end up paying for the whole roof. The best roofing companies don’t shy away from insurance work.

Shingle Roof Types, Installation, and Repair 1
This damage could actually be repaired. The roof was fairly new, the damage near the top, and localized.

Shingle Roof Replacement

Shingle roofs have a typical lifespan of 12 to 20 years. Sometimes they can last longer, if they have great ventilation, aren’t under leaves all the time, were installed properly, and were maintained regularly. It’s not uncommon, however, for them to be damaged in hail storms in the Springfield MO area. Even roofs only a year old can be damaged by a bad one. When there’s damage to enough of the roof, or to a roof that can’t be repaired because of the condition of the shingles, it will need to be replaced. Most of what we do is replace asphalt shingle roofs, and most of those are insurance claims. See our write-up here about roof replacement.

Types of Shingle Roofs

There are a lot of different types of shingles out there. When most people hear “shingle roof,” they are typically thinking about asphalt shingles. And chances are, that’s what you have on your home or business. The next most common roofs are metal (read about metal roofs here), and flat roofs. Flat roofs are used where the pitch or slope is… ah, you guessed it, flat or nearly flat. Neither shingles nor metal are good for roof slopes lower than 0.5/12 (a half inch of rise or less, per every 12 inches of run or horizontal surface). You can read about flat roofs here.

Most asphalt shingle roofs these days use a composition laminated shingle – usually a fiberglass mat embedded with an asphalt compound, and granules. The main way they differ is in style and thickness.

Three-tab shingles (3-tab) are an older style, and have the familiar staggered rectangle – brick – pattern. These aren’t used much anymore, and have been gradually replaced with more modern looking styles. If you have a 3-tab roof and insurance writes it for replacement, they may write an estimate for replacement with 3-tab shingles. Most people just upgrade to architectural shingles for a small additional cost.

hail damaged 3-tab roof near springfield MO
3-Tab Shingles. Do you see hail damage? No? Well, there was sufficient hail damage here that insurance bought this roof.

The most common shingles in use now are dimensional architectural shingles, aka laminated composite shingles. These have a staggered look, more like wood shake roofs, and often have varied color to give them even more dimensional appearance. There are various versions or features available with these shingles, so we’ll look at a few.

Typical Architectural Shingle Installation in Springfield, MO
Typical Architectural Shingle Installation in Springfield, MO

Impact Resistant Shingles

The idea is that these shingles are resistant to, or impervious to, impacts from hail and other objects (tree branches, etc). In reality, even impact-resistant shingles sometimes get damaged by hail. But in our experience, sometimes insurance will not pay for hail damage to impact-resistant shingles. Our opinion is that your money would be better saved for use as a deductible in the event that your roof is ever hit by hail, rather than spending the extra money on these shingles. But some local roofing companies will try to sell you on them anyway.

Wind Rated Shingles

All shingles have a wind rating. But some areas of the country have requirements for certain wind ratings, such as the central and southern US Atlantic and Gulf coastal areas. Most architectural shingles are rated up to 110 mph (Owens Corning OakRidge are an example), but some are up to 130/150 mph such as Owens Corning Duration line. The Springfield MO area does occasionally get straight line winds and gusts over 100 mph, but they are not generally sustained like in a hurricane. And if a 200+ mph tornado is nearby, shingles might not really be your main concern. No shingles are rated that high. If you’re interested in Owens Corning Shingles, they have a shingle selector here.

High Profile, Scalloped, or Other Designer Shingles

There are a lot of designer shingles – some have L shapes, some have scallops, some look like slate, etc. These come at a premium but are still less costly than actual slate tile roofs. If you’re interested in these types of shingle, Cook Roofing Company can help you explore your options.

Rubber Shingles

Believe it or not, they do make rubber shingles. Here is a house with them, near Table Rock Lake in Branson MO.

House with rubber shingles near Table Rock Lake
House with rubber shingles near Table Rock Lake

Wood Shingle/Wood Shake Roofs

Wood shake or wood shingle roofs are getting rare, but they used to be very common. Some areas no longer allow them because of the risk of fire. We can install them where allowed.

Slate Roofing Shingles, Tile Roofing Shingles

Not typically referred to as shingles, we have a section devoted to tile roofing.

Solar Roof Tiles

These have only recently become available. If you’d like to consider solar shingles, contact us and we can help you explore this option. They tend to be between $2,000 and $2,500 per square. Given that Missouri often experiences heavy hail and limited sun compared to other areas of the country better adapted to solar, this may not be the best option for this area. To read more about Tesla Solar Roofs (pictured) click here.

Tesla solarglass solar tiles - image showing exploded view with tile assembly
Tesla Solarglass Solar Tiles

Contact Us for Shingle Roofing in Springfield, MO and Branson

We’d love to help you with your roof repair or replacement. The first step is a free roof evaluation and estimate. We offer an Apples to Apples price match guarantee – you’re welcome to check the competition, just make sure you have us out to get an experienced take on what you need! Contact us using the form to the right, or call us at 417-334-4238.